Maintenance Tips

How to Change a Flat Tyre Safely

Facing a flat tyre can be a source of frustration but armed with the appropriate tools and expertise, you can swiftly return to your journey. In this article, we will guide you through the essential steps on how to change a flat tyre safely and efficiently.

What you will need?

First and foremost, make sure you have these essential tools in your vehicle: 

✅ Fully Inflated Spare Tyre: This is an extra tyre that’s already inflated and ready to use in case one of your regular tyres goes flat. It’s your backup tyre.

✅ Lug Wrench: You need it to loosen and tighten the lug nuts that secure the tyre in place on your car.

✅ Vehicle Owner’s Manual: It contains information about your vehicle and provide instructions on how to safely change a flat tyre if you are unsure.

✅ Jack: This tool is necessary for elevating the vehicle off the ground. Most vehicles come with a jack, typically located in the trunk or under the seats.

Additional tools, if required

  1. Wheel Chocks: Wheel chocks are small wedges that prevent the vehicle from rolling while you are changing the tyre. Besides that, you can use bricks or large rocks as alternatives.
  2. Flashlight: Having a flashlight or portable work light can be invaluable, especially if you arechanging a tyre at night or in low-light conditions.
  3. Gloves: Protect your hands with a pair of gloves, as handling dirty or hot lug nuts can be uncomfortable.

How to Change Tyre?

Now that you have all the necessary tools, let’s proceed with changing the flat tyre:

Step 1: Find a Safe Location

Pull over to a safe spot, preferably a level surface, away from traffic. After that, engage your hazard lights and put your vehicle in park. Subsequently, engage the parking brake to prevent your vehicle from rolling.

Step 2: Use Wheel Chocks

Place wheel chocks behind and in front of the tire opposite the flat tyre to prevent any movement.

Step 3: Loosen the Lug Nuts

Use the lug wrench to slightly loosen (but do not remove) the lug nuts on the flat tyre. This is easier to do before lifting the vehicle.

Step 4: Position the Jack and Lift the Vehicle

Consult your vehicle’s manual to locate the proper jack points. Position the jack securely under the frame or recommended lifting point. Then, operate the jack to lift the vehicle off the ground. Make sure the vehicle is stable and secure before continuing.

Step 5: Unscrew Lug Nuts and Remove the Flat Tyre

Fully remove the loosened lug nuts and then take off the flat tyre.

Step 6: Install the Spare Tyre

Place the spare tyre onto the wheel hub and hand-tighten the lug nuts as much as possible.

Step 7: Tighten the Lug Nuts

Using the lug wrench, tighten the lug nuts in a star or crisscross pattern to ensure even and secure tightening.

Step 8: Lower the Vehicle and Final Lug Nut Tightening

Carefully lower the vehicle back to the ground using the jack. Once the vehicle is on the ground, finish tightening the lug nuts with the lug wrench. Double-check that all lug nuts are properly tightened.

Last but not least

As you master the skill of change a flat tyre, remember that prevention is often the best cure. Before you set off on that exciting long journey or road trip, take a moment to inspect your tyres thoroughly. Check the tyre pressure, assess the tread depth and ensure your spare tyre is in good condition. Investing a little time in tyre maintenance now can save you from unexpected troubles on the road ahead. So, travel with confidence, knowing that your tyres are ready for the adventure. Safe travels!

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Read More: 10 Car Maintenance Tips To Keep You Safe on the Road

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